The Importance of Vitamins for Pregnancy

One of the reasons for successful conception is the neutralization of nutrient deficiencies. The world around us is full of macro- and micronutrients and vitamins that can improve fertility. We are surrounded by them and it is wise to take advantage.

Health recommendations

It is recommended to take vitamins three months before conception to ensure the accumulation of necessary substances in the woman’s body, which are vital for the formation of the organs of the embryo. It is also important for men to take vitamins to stimulate sperm maturation. An advantage of absorption is to consume foods in which vitamins and minerals are contained in their natural form. To meet the needs of future parents, it is necessary to observe some simple rules when eating: a variety of food based on natural products, with an emphasis on fruits and vegetables grown and ripened in the relevant climatе conditions; replacement of fatty meat with dietary varieties; consumption of fresh and minimally processed foods, as prolonged heat treatment reduces nutrients; increase the quantity of plant foods, which is a source of vitamins, minerals and fiber; use of unrefined vegetable oils; Reduce the consumption of caffeinated drinks and prefer fresh, non-carbonated water and herbal teas. Vitamin deficiency can lead to prematurity, impaired physical and mental development of the child. Therefore, it is important to consider a complex of special vitamins and minerals that support the metabolic processes and immune reactions. B vitamins are crucial for the rate of development and growth of the embryo, as well as for the development of its nervous system.

B vitamins [1]

Regardless of the diet, B vitamins can be prescribed by a doctor to anyone planning a pregnancy. This is an extremely important component, and their deficiency may lead to the prematurity of the child, possible mental disorders and the possibility of abnormalities. Without vitamins of group B, the brain of the fetus can not be formed completely. They help prevent the development of toxicosis, circulatory disorders and have an analgesic effect. Vitamin B1 promotes restful sleep and healthy appetite. If the body does not have enough of it, irritability, weakness, heart failure and fatigue may occur. Vitamin B9 allows the body to prepare for a timely reaction to a possible pregnancy. The vitamin PP, known as niacin (nicotinic acid, vitamin B3), contributes to strength and energy, supports heart health, and optimal blood circulation. This vitamin is one of the most effective drugs that normalize blood cholesterol levels.

Vitamin D

You are probably already familiar with vitamin D. It’s common for people these days to have a significant vitamin D deficiency, and research confirms that there is a link between vitamin D levels and fertility.

Omega 3

Omega 3 increases fertility levels as it affects the production of all steroid hormones, including estrogen and progesterone. With a deficiency of the right fats, hormonal imbalance often occurs. Omega 3 supports adrenal health, which in turn helps maintain normal cortisol levels. It is important to note that an increased level of cortisol has the ability to block progesterone receptors and reduce its levels in target cells. Omega 3 helps balance cortisol levels and, accordingly, progesterone. Omega 3 supports the favorable course of pregnancy and the harmonious internal development of the baby.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E has an exceptional role in the metabolism of estrogens and progesterone. Progesterone has a similar effect by protecting DNA molecules. There are studies that link egg quality to vitamin E levels.

Vitamin C

Another vitamin that improves egg quality is vitamin C, which also has a positive effect on sperm quality. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that provides immune protection and keeps the mother calm. Vitamin C deficiency leads to feelings of fatigue and weakness.

Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10 is also called ubiquinone. It is involved in the production of cellular energy and is a strong antioxidant. Research has shown that this supplement has a positive effect on egg quality, including in women of older reproductive age, and on sperm motility. It is known from studies that endogenous levels of ubiquinone decrease after the age of 35, and therefore at an older reproductive age it makes sense to include it in the diet in preparation for pregnancy.


Iron is necessary to produce hemoglobin, the main function of which is to carry oxygen. If there is not enough iron, the cells and organs of the body do not receive the necessary oxygen to function properly, and this interferes with reproductive processes.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A increases immunity, reduces the risk of bronchial diseases, ensures the growth of the embryo and its normal development. Vitamin A deficiency leads to disruption of hair structure and the appearance of acne. The female body becomes more prone to environmental factors.


You need to make sure that both you and your partner are getting enough zinc. It affects ovulation and fertility and improves testosterone production in men.

It is always advised to consult with your doctor, as well as to do tests on the levels of the vitamins and minerals listed above [2]. When it comes to fertility, there are factors you can’t control. What is in your hands is what nutrients you provide to your body through healthy food and supplements. Even before pregnancy occurs, it is good to take care of your body. In this way, you will provide your future child with a healthy and protected environment in which to develop, so that he can very soon delight you with his fluffy cheeks.

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